Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Human resource management


Human resource management is known by different names, e.g., personnel management, manpower management, personnel administration, staff management etc. On the basis of definition given above, the following features of human resource management can be identified:

1.           Comprehensive function
         Human resource management is concerned with managing people at work. It covers all types of people at all levels in the organization. It applies to workers, supervisors, officers, managers and other types of personnel.

2.           People – oriented
          It is concerned with employees as individual as well as groups. It is the process of bringing people and organizations together so that the goals of each are met.

3.           Action-oriented
         It focuses to got a solution of personnel problems to achieve both organizational objective and employees personnel goal.

4         Individual-oriented
            Human resource management is concerned with development of each and every member of organization.

5.           Continuous function
         Management of human resource is a continuous process. in the words of Terry, “It can not be turned on and off like water from a faucet” ; it can not be practiced only one hour each day or one day a week. It requires a constant alertness and awareness of human relation and their importance in everyday operations.

6.           Future oriented
          It helps an organization to achieve its objectives in the future by providing for competent and well-motivated employees. It attempts to obtain willing cooperation of people for the attainment of the desired objectives.

7.            Challenging function
          Managing human resources is a challenging job due to dynamic nature of people. People have sentiments and emotions, so they cannot be treated like machines. It is, therefore, necessary to handle them tactfully. It is not simply managing people but administrating a social system.